George Floyd, Daunte Wright & Now Adam Toledo: Timeline Of Racial Killings In US In Recent Yrs
Chicago police have released graphic footage of an officer shooting dead a 13-year-old boy in a dark alley, last month.
Bodycam video released on Thursday shows the policeman shouting "Drop it" before shooting Adam Toledo once in the chest on 29 March. The boy does not appear to be holding a weapon in the split second he was shot, but police video shows a handgun near the spot where he fell.
The boy, Adam Toledo, who was Latino and was a seventh grader, was one of the youngest people killed by the police in Illinois in years. Small protests were held on Thursday evening around Chicago, hours after the city's mayor appealed for calm.
What does the footage show?
The clip shows the officer jumping out of his squad car and chasing the Latino boy on foot down a dark alley as another suspect disappears from view. The policeman shouts: "Police! Stop! Stop right [expletive] now! Hands! Hands! Show me your [expletive] hands!" The boy turns and raises his hands. The officer shouts "Drop it" and fires his weapon - 19 seconds after exiting his squad car.
What does the pattern reveal?
In 2015, it was Jamar Clark. A year later, Philando Castile. In 2020, George Floyd, on March 29, 2021, Adam Toledo, followed by Daunte Wright's killing. Over and over again, residents, especially from Minneapolis, have had to relive the trauma of watching a police officer kill a man of colour or race.
Timeline of racial killings
Here's a timeline of such racial killings across the United States in the recent years.
Eric Garner died after he was wrestled to the ground by a New York police officer on suspicion of illegally selling cigarettes. While in a choke hold, Garner uttered the words "I can't breathe" 11 times. The incident - filmed by a bystander - led to protests across the country. The police officer involved was later fired, but was never prosecuted.
Michael Brown, 18, was killed by a police officer, in Ferguson, Missouri, who was responding to reports that Brown had stolen a box of cigars. The officer, Darren Wilson, stopped his car in front of Brown. One shot was fired and Brown ran off, pursued by Wilson. When he turned back and moved towards Wilson, the fatal shots were fired, according to witnesses.
Walter Scott was shot in the back five times by a white police officer, who was later fired and eventually sentenced to 20 years in prison. Scott had been pulled over for having a defective light on his car in North Charleston, South Carolina, and ran away from the police officer after a brief scuffle. The killing sparked protests in North Charleston, with chants of "No justice, no peace".
Alton Sterling's death led to days of protests in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Sterling was killed after police responded to reports of a disturbance outside a shop. The incident was caught on mobile phone footage and spread online. The two officers involved did not face criminal charges, but one was dismissed and the other suspended from the police.
Philando Castile was killed while out driving with his girlfriend in St Paul, Minnesota. He was pulled over by the police during a routine check, and told them he was licensed to carry a weapon, and had one in his possession. He was shot as he was reaching for his licence, according to his girlfriend.
Stephon Clark died after being shot at least seven times in his grandmother's backyard in Sacramento, California, by police who were investigating a nearby break-in. Only a mobile phone was found at the scene, and Clark was unarmed. The release of a police video of the incident sparked major protests in the city. In March 2019, the authorities announced that the two officers involved would not face criminal prosecution as the officers had feared for their lives, believing Clark had a gun.
Breonna Taylor, a 26-year-old emergency medical technician, was shot eight times when officers raided her apartment in Louisville, Kentucky. Louisville police said they returned fire after one officer was shot at and wounded. Breonna Taylor's family filed a lawsuit, and in September 2020 reached a settlement of $12m (£9.4m) with the city authorities. The lawsuit stated that Taylor's partner - who was with her at the time - had fired in self-defence because the police did not identify themselves, and he thought the apartment was being burgled.
George Floyd died after being arrested in Minneapolis and held down by police officers, one of whom had his knee on Floyd's neck. He pleaded that he couldn't breathe, and after his death, protests broke out across the US, and there were demonstrations in other parts of the world. The trial is now underway of former police officer Derek Chauvin - who had knelt on Floyd - on charges including second-degree murder. Three other officers who were involved in the incident also face charges of aiding and abetting Chauvin.
29 March, 2021
According to prosecutors, Adam Toledo was with a 21-year-old man, Ruben Roman, who had just fired a gun at a passing car. The gunfire drew police to the area, resulting in the deadly confrontation. Roman appeared in court on Saturday charged with aggravated unlawful use of a weapon, reckless discharge of a firearm and child endangerment, according to local media reports.
11 April, 2021
The video release of Adam's killing follows the fatal police shooting on 11 April of Daunte Wright by an officer in a Minneapolis suburb. That shooting has sparked violent protests as the city awaits the outcome of the trial of Derek Chauvin, the officer accused in the death of George Floyd.
Daunte Wright - was shot and killed by a police officer in Brooklyn Center, a suburb of Minneapolis in Minnesota. He was 20 years old. Police said they had stopped Wright for having an expired tag on his car licence plate, but then tried to arrest him on an outstanding warrant. Family members say he was racially profiled.
Since the shooting the officer who killed Wright, Kim Potter, has resigned and been charged with second-degree manslaughter. Police have said she meant to taser Wright, but accidentally pulled out and fired her handgun.