Victims of terrorism and their right to access justice: Challenges and solutions
Victims’ right to access to justice is a fundamental human right and a principle of the rule of law. Numerous international and regional human rights legal instruments refer to the right to access to justice which encompasses, inter alia, the right to an effective remedy and the right to a fair trial. Toexercise this right, States have the obligation to provide adequate avenues for victims to access the judicial system and have their cases heard before a competent jurisdiction.
Terrorist acts often entail a large number of victims, with sometimes multiple nationalities and different kinds of harm (material, psychological, mental, emotional) involved. These harms can have a long-lasting impact on victims’ lives. Among victims’ needs after the commission of crimes linked to terrorism, access to justice plays a primordial role. While survivors are trying to rebuild their lives and overcome the trauma, States do not always ensure adequate support for them and their families. In June 2023, UN General Assembly Resolution 77/298 (UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy eighth review) highlighted the need to ensure that victims of terrorism’s right to access to justice and redress mechanisms is fully respected. However, many obstacles remain to be overcome. For instance, the inexistence of victims’ participation provisions, the lack of information, the absence of legal aid, and the unavailability of interpretation for foreign victims can prevent the exercise of victims’ right to access to justice.
How can these obstacles be resolved? How can the experiences, perspectives and priorities of victims be (best) considered during the investigation and trial process? And what are the victims’ experiences with the judicial system? These are some of the questions to answer in order to facilitate victims’ fight to access justice. The following panellists will discuss these and other questions:
Jeanne Sulzer is founding partner of Impact Litigation Law firm, representing victims of international crimes.
Hope Rikkelman is the director of Yazidi Legal Network and head of the Iraq & Syria projects at the Nuhanovic Foundation.
Catherine Marchi-Uhel is the Head of the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of Persons Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes under International Law Committed in the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2011 (IIIM)
In this explained.Live session, India’s former ambassador to Russia, D B Venkatesh Varma talks about the Russia-Ukraine conflict, whether it will be ending soon or not and what it means for India. The session was moderated by Shubhajit Roy, Deputy Chief of National Bureau Source: ‘The chances of nuclear use are minimal. Both Russia & Ukraine are well aware of results’: DB Venkatesh Varma | Explained News,The Indian Express
In what can be termed as “travesty of the fight against terror", Pakistan is free of the control of the world anti-money-laundering body, even the proposal for which, last week, had led to anger in New Delhi. The country sought removal from the Financial Action Task Force’s (FATF) Grey List, claiming it has “complied with 11 conditions”, including prevention of money laundering and terrorism financing, according to a top diplomatic source. Pakistan has been on the list since June 2018. Commenting on Pakistan’s move to get out of the FATF list, Jammu and Kashmir Lieutenant Governor Manoj Sinha, in an exclusive interview with News18, said, “Our neighbour is not happy with peace in India…The world is watching which country is aiding terrorism…Our ministry of external affairs (MEA) is vigilant and takes appropriate action.” ALSO READ | Pakistan’s FATF ‘Grey’s Period’ to End? Islamabad Says Prevented Terror Financing; India Slams ‘White Lie’ | Exclusive News18 had reported on Octobe
Explore how the rise of cybercrime is affecting business in different countries The pandemic has caused more and more people to spend time on their computers. Thanks to remote work and poor security measures surrounding the hybrid office, IT and network professionals saw a sharp rise in cybercrimes that’s unlikely to dip in the next five years. In fact, several cybersecurity ventures predict that global cybercrime costs will rise by 15% in five years . That brings the total cost to $10.5 trillion by 2025, a deeply concerning number. How Cybercrime is Affecting Businesses Based on Country The following five countries are going to be lead players in the cybersecurity market and largely contribute to the $10.5 trillion dollar loss we expect to see in the next five years. Cyber Crime in America In 2020, the average cost to businesses affected by cybercrime amounted to $8.64 million . As the trend keeps rising upward, it’s getting harder for American companies to stay on top of it. W