UK Mali mission with UN to be scaled back to avoid casualties 'The choice is simple'
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Last week the Sunday Express revealed that a review into the operation was being conducted after an advance team of 45 SAS soldiers which deployed in July warned that it “lacked muscle”.
The review, led by chief of joint operations (CJO) Vice Admiral Ben Key, was focusing on concerns such as the size and capability of the planned force, potential capability gaps such as armoured protections, Apache gunships and the transportation of seriously injured soldiers who need to be ventilated to so-called role 2 or 3 hospitals.
Members of the Light Dragoons and Royal Anglians were to have provided long-range reconnaissance for the 13,000-strong UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) which began in 2013,
Britain's mission to combat IS extremism is being relegated to a training operation
Though troops completed their mission rehearsal exercise in Salisbury Plain last week, they will be told that their brief has changed.
Instead of two-week long missions deep into the Sahel to garner vital intelligence, and running the gauntlet of roadside bombs and booby traps through village bottlenecks, soldiers will now be based behind secure walls in the UN’s main camp in Goa.
Sources say some elements will be later moved on to smaller camps serving African Union soldiers
from neighbouring Chad, Senegal, Togo, Niger, Guinea, Burkina Faso, and Egypt.
There, their task will be to train Malian forces and provide ‘counter terrorist’ advice to soldiers from the African Union who are currently deployed across the country.
The operation is , in turn, supporting Operation Barkhane, a separate 5,000-strong French expeditionary force based in Chad to which the UK will continue to contribute three Chinook helicopters and 100 RAF personnel.
This will be now be further boosted by the allocation of the SAS team , which will go on to work with French Special Forces and Foreign Legionnaires..
The bloody conflict was prompted by a resurgence of Islamist groups including Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb or (AQIM) in the former French colony and surrounding region, as well as growing instability within Mali’s government.
More than 300 soldiers are due to fly to Mali next month to join a UN peacekeeping operation
More than 200 French and UN lives have already been lost, and, it’s scope has also led to the additional deaths last year of 4,000 civilians and the internal displacement of more than 600,000.
Details of Britain’s contribution were first announced last year by former defence secretary Penny Mordaunt, who confirmed: “UK contribution will provide improved situational awareness and information provision that will help the mission."
The announcement surprised many, given Britain’s reluctance to deploy conventional forces into so-called “kinetic” operations since the withdrawal from Iraq and Afghanistan, and was seen as a political gesture to French PM Emmanuel Macron at the height of Brexit negotiations.
But Downing Street has been becoming increasingly nervous about the operation amid fears of “mission creep”, sources say.
Troops completed their mission rehearsal exercise in Salisbury Plain last week
PM Boris Johnson is understood to have become concerned about the prospect of a heavy death and injury toll and has been pressing for an alternative solution that safeguards personnel while still contributing to the UN mission in Mali.
Last night a senior source confirmed that an official announcement would be made next month.
“The choice was simple: make it bigger, or alter its remit,” said the source.
“Given that, as things stand, we would have had difficulty accomplishing our own objectives without incurring fatalities, this is a good outcome.
Boris Johnson is understood to have become concerned about the prospect of a heavy death toll
“It means Britain can continue to honour its commitment to MINUSMA in a way that is still meaningful and crucial to the ultimate success of this mission. “
A Ministry of Defence spokesman said: “As planned and in line with our firm commitment to the UN and global security, later this year 300 military personnel will deploy to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali where they will help to promote peace and help counter instability.
“This is in addition to UK logistical support already provided to the French-led counter-terrorist operation in Mali.
“All operational commitments are kept under review.”