Top 5 African countries most affected by terrorism today

Most countries in Africa are still vulnerable following a series of terror attacks that seem unending, resulting in the destruction of property and hurting economic growth.
Terrorism, according to the Global Terrorism Index (GTI), is “the threatened or actual use of illegal force and violence by a non-state actor to attain a political, economic, religious, or social goal through fear, coercion, or intimidation.”
The GTI, released by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), is a comprehensive study analysing the impact of terrorism for 163 countries. The report provides a comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism over the last 20 years, covering the period from the beginning of 1998 to the end of 2017.

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In this year’s GTI, conflict remains the primary driver of terrorism in most countries throughout the world, with some African countries recording the largest increases in the number of deaths from terrorism in 2017.
In total, there were 18,814 deaths from terrorism in 2017, a decrease of 27 per cent from 2016. Globally, Afghanistan posted the highest deaths from terrorism in 2017, surpassing Iraq.  The Middle East felt the most impact of terrorism, followed by North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Scroll through to find out the five African countries that were most affected by terrorism in 2017:
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by Mildred Europa Taylor at 03:00 pm, December 09, 2018, News
A Boko Haram attack — theglobalobservatory.org

Nigeria

Nigeria is Africa’s most terrorized nation, scoring third on the global list of 138 countries, ranking only behind Iraq and Afghanistan. Terrorist activity in Nigeria is dominated by two groups – Boko Haram and Fulani extremists, which are responsible for 63 per cent of terror attacks and 88 per cent of terror-related deaths in the West African country, according to the report.
Total deaths from terrorism fell to 1,532 in 2017, a decrease of 16 per cent from the prior year. This highlights the effectiveness of the counter-insurgency operations undertaken in Nigeria and its neighbours, Cameroon, Niger and Chad.

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In 2017, Boko Haram was the deadliest group in Nigeria, with both terrorism deaths and attacks increasing from the prior year. Deaths increased by 34 per cent to 1,022 while attacks increased by 62 per cent to 222, the report adds. The third deadliest terror group in 2017 was the Bachama extremists, who were responsible for four attacks and 30 deaths.
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by Mildred Europa Taylor at 03:00 pm, December 09, 2018, News
Pic credit: Al Jazeera

Somalia

The country plagued with political instability recorded the largest increase in terrorism globally in 2017, as deaths from terrorism rose by nearly 93 per cent, increasing from 762 in 2016 to 1,470 in 2017. The number of terrorist incidents also rose from 248 to 369, a 49 per cent increase.
Islamist militant group, Al-Shabaab dominates terrorist activity in Somalia, and was responsible for 92 per cent of all terror-related deaths in 2017, said the report. The group was behind the world’s deadliest terror attack in 2017, a truck bombing attack in Mogadishu that resulted in 588 deaths and more than 300 recorded injuries.

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The report said the group that has most of its activities restricted to the capital, seized numerous AMISOM and Somali government bases and equipment throughout 2017, controlling highways and ports into major cities such as Kismaayo, Baidoa and Mogadishu. The only other active terrorist group in Somalia in 2017 is Jabha East Africa, a group responsible for 25 terrorism deaths in 2017.
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by Mildred Europa Taylor at 03:00 pm, December 09, 2018, News
Pic credit: timesofisrael.com

Egypt

Ranking the third most terrorized African country, Egypt experienced the second largest terrorist attack of 2017, when the Sinai Province of the Islamic State, the deadliest group in the country attacked the al-Rawda mosque, killing 311 people and injuring 122.
The attack was the deadliest in Egyptian history, said the report. Also known as Wilayat Sinai, the Sinai Province of the Islamic State has targeted Egyptian security forces and soldiers as well as mosques and churches of Egypt’s Coptic Christian minority. In effect, in 2017, Egypt had 169 terror incidents compared to 539 in 2015, bringing to light the increased rate of terror attacks in the country.

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by Mildred Europa Taylor at 03:00 pm, December 09, 2018, News
Pic credit: Newsweek

Democratic Republic of Congo

Over the past five years, more than a thousand people have been killed and over 700 other injured in terror attacks mostly perpetuated by terrorist groups such as Mayi Mayi and Nyatura Militia. The most attack targets include private citizens, the military, government, NGOs and the media, with the worst affected areas being South and North Kivu, and in the Kasai regions. Media reports of severe abuses against civilians by these armed groups with several human rights violations committed by Congolese security forces as they respond to the activities of these militias.
Much of the recent violence in Africa’s biggest copper-producing nation is linked to the country’s worsening political crisis as it moves towards its first democratic transition since independence, human rights watchers say.

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by Mildred Europa Taylor at 03:00 pm, December 09, 2018, News
Pic credit: RT.com
Libya
Since the ousting of former leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, Libya has been divided between rival governments in the east and west, each backed by a range of armed groups. The United Nations has been making efforts to bring stability by helping the opposing governments lay a foundation for a new constitution and elections. In May this year, suicide bombers linked to Islamic State killed at least 14 people in an attack on the headquarters of Libya’s elections commission. The attack in the capital Tripoli was described as the worst in years and it highlighted the challenges of security forces who are making efforts to kick out militants who had seized bases in Libya in the midst of the chaos that greeted the toppling of Gaddafi.


Source: https://face2faceafrica.com/article/top-5-african-countries-most-affected-by-terrorism-today

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